E-nformation S. C est une démarche nécessaire, mais pas suffisante pour le développement durable des structures info documentaires, étant donné que les valeurs et les convictions des bibliothécaires, plutôt traditionnelles et fermement enracinées, limitent la réactivité au changement et à l'innovation.
Par conséquent, les bibliothèques doivent devenir des organisations ouvertes au processus d'innovation, capables à s'adapter, dans le nouveau monde globalisé, hautement concurrentiel et basé sur la connaissance. Les nouvelles technologies, les méthodes modernes de planification et d'exploitation des ressources, la redéfinition des relations avec les utilisateurs conduisent à la nécessité de l'innovation et de la créativité dans les bibliothèques, dans les services et les offres d informations, dans les facilités destinées à fournir les informations aux bénéficiaires, avec un maximum de promptitude, de qualité et d'attractivité.
Dans ce contexte, le but de la Conférence BIBLIO est celui d offrir aux professionnels de la science de l'information un milieu propice à l échange des idées pour générer des solutions innovantes. L'objectif déclaré gravures anciennes suisse anti aging cette édition est de présenter des exemples d'actions novatrices et de créer un lieu de partage des expériences différentes - des idées déjà mises en œuvre et leurs résultats.
La Conférence BIBLIO Innovation en bibliothèque s affirme comme un cadre favorisant la présentation et la concrétisation des idées créatrices destinées à soutenir le progrès et à optimiser les structures info documentaires, dans les conditions de concurrence acharnée, imposées par la société de l'information, dans laquelle nous vivons.
PhD Ing. This approach is necessary, however not sufficient, for the sustainable development of the info-documentary structures, considering the deeply rooted, traditionalist values and beliefs of the librarians community, which obstruct the receptivity to change and innovation.
Consequently, libraries must be adaptable institutions, open to the process of innovation within the new globalised world, intensely competitive and based on knowledge.
State-of-art technologies, modern resource planning and enhancement methods, redefining the relations with the users, they all lead towards the necessity for innovation and creativity within the library, of the services and informational offers they promote, of the user information supply facilities, under the conditions of maximum promptness, quality and attractiveness.
In this context, the goal of the Conference BIBLIO is to offer the professionals in information science, an adequate gravures anciennes suisse anti aging for processing the ideas, in order to generate innovative solutions.
The declared purpose of this edition is to present examples of innovative ideas, to become a space destined for sharing different, successfully applied experiences and their outcomes. The BIBLIO Conference Innovation within Libraries creates the framework for exposing and substantiating the most creative ideas in order to foster progress and to optimize the info-documentary structures, under the circumstances of the fierce competition imposed by the informational society wherein we live.
Lista principalelor căutări efectuate de utilizatori pentru accesarea dicționarului nostru online înFranceză și cele mai întrebuințate expresii cu cuvântul «sarcophage». Implementarea acestuia se bazează pe analizarea frecvenței de apariție a termenului «sarcophage» în sursele digitalizate tipărite în Franceză între anul și până în prezent. Cărți în legătură cu sarcophage și extrase din aceasta pentru a furniza contextul de întrebuințare al acestuia în literatura Franceză.
PhD Eng. Besides this presentation gives an overview about the state of discussion, about the first negotiations with the scientists as the data producers and about the first project ideas. Key words: university, academic library, research data, digital data, preservation.
Preliminary remarks Starting from the beginning of their existence, preserving media is one of the major tasks of libraries. This business began with the archiving of thousands and thousands of clay tablets in Mesopotamia, over the storing of some hundred thousand papyrus scrolls in the ancient Library of Alexandria, over the storing of some 10 thousand manuscripts and early prints of Bodleian Library till the about million documents in the Library of Congress.
Storing and preserving printed books and other printed material is the daily business of libraries worldwide and is nothing to talk about in detail. Librarians created a multitude of systems to store, to catalog, to retrieve and to make accessible printed library collections, which means that these techniques and procedures are well developed in more or less every library all over the world. Even if the collections are big, we can always observe the efforts to structure the physical content of our libraries.
Till today we are all doing these classical library processes, but since some years we have to recognize a new emerging challenge: More and more electronic media are coming in our libraries and are more and more intensively influencing the classical procedures within our institutions.
Today nearly all important academic libraries have set up so-called digital libraries, where you can search for electronic journal content, for electronic books and other purchased, so-called born digital material, but where you can also find digitized library content, like rare books and other material from the special collections. Besides this in many cases you have additional access to retro-digitized dissertations, old journals or fotos. Complementary to this complex situation you will also have classical electronic media formats, like CDs, DVDs, videos in different technical versions, discs etc.
Today this problem may perhaps not be relevant for every library, because many of them are still mainly focused on the analog world.
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The more this situation will change in the direction of the digital world, the more important it will be, to have a strategic vision how to deal with the electronic content. And the more electronic content you have, the more pressure will have the library managers, to gravures anciennes suisse anti aging an acceptable solution for their university clients.
The university environment When we look at a typical university environment, we have to determine that there are three general types of electronic data which should or must be stored on a long-term basis: digital content, coming from the library administrative records primary research data as outcome of scientific work As already mentioned crema de fata vichy pareri, more or less all university libraries have established variably substantial collections of electronic data.
In most cases these data are typical library data, which range from bibliographical catalog data, from full-texts of purchased electronic journals and books to self-digitized digital objects like photos, manuscripts and rare books, maps and other university documents.
Till today the everyday work in libraries is focused besides the work with printed materials on the acquisition, indexing and presentation of electronic data and not really on answering the question how to handle these data in terms of long-term preservation and longterm securing.
Înțelesul "sarcophage" în dicționarul Franceză
But, on the other hand, step by step gravures anciennes suisse anti aging librarians have recognized within the last few years that there is a real tough problem emerging, a gravures anciennes suisse anti aging bomb, as it was already described in by M. Can we justify to spend millions of Euro for purchasing electronic library content on the one hand side, and to have no strategy how to save this financial, intellectual and scientific fortune for the next 50 or years? In the meantime there are some very important activities on the international level, which try to develop strategies, but also practical applications for storing and securing library data.
Within the world-wide library community we have a growing understanding that professionally taking care about electronic data will be one of the big tasks for libraries for the next decades. Optimistically, this may be true for the classical library data.
Otherwise when you look at this issue from a more general point of view, from a university s perspective, than library data is only one part of the problem. There are also other relevant data, produced within an academic environment, for which the university is responsible.
When we talk about long-term storage or long-term preservation of data in an university environment, we also have to talk about the records, produced as the result of the administrative processes.
Acting and reacting in the electronic world, the university administrations have to think about the long-term storage of their files. In many academic institutions the archives are part of the library organizations, which leads us to the statement, that storing and securing the electronic records coming out of the administrative activities of an university, can also be a very important issue for the academic library of the future. We always should have in mind, that at the end of the day the librarians are the ones with the knowledge how to structure and make accessible data.
The third aspect in this discussion is the issue with the storage and preservation of primary research data. Modern science, especially within the Sciences, technology and medicine, but also in the social sciences, are extremely data-intensive, which means that with every measurement in a chemical laboratory, with every opinion survey or with every questioning protocol in the field of oral history, thousands and thousands of records or files are produced, which have to be stored over a defined period of time.
The easiest way for university administrations is the approach to put the preserving responsibility for primary research data onto the shoulders of the scientists.
This may be comfortable for the university administrations, but is perhaps not very clever from a scientific, historical or legal point of view. There are many examples, where scientifically important measurements could not be reproduced, because of the lack or the loss of the primary data.
Besides this there are many cases, where there is an obligation to store research gerovital anticearcan for a certain period of time.
All this leads us to the statement, that preserving and storing primary research data in a structured, well-organized way, can will? What are primary research data? As already mentioned above, from a library s point of view, the long-term storage and long-term preservation of digital library content and of administrative records are in a broader sense classical issues for science libraries. The work has to be done, and there are possibly some challenges, we have to think about: What are the appropriate strategies for handling bigger amounts of data?
Where do we get the money from? What about the right storage techniques within our libraries? The answers for these questions may be time consuming and complex, but at the end of the day librarians have the knowledge and the experience to solve these problems. However when we talk about primary research data the situation is totally different: We are talking about vast amounts of data and we are talking about regularly unstructured and mostly very heterogeneous data.
Besides this, libraries and librarians are not the first address for scientists, when the discussion about storage and preservation of research data is coming up.
INNOVATION EN BIBLIOTHEQUE
Once again: What are the goals and the challenges, when we talk about primary research data in the context of an university? Why long-term preservation of research data Research and development, science gravures anciennes suisse anti aging teaching on an university level are being transformed by dramatic change processes in information technology and its applications over the last years. The power of computers and computer systems has incredibly grown up, the bandwidths of the worldwide networks has increased dramatically and the volumes of data and information in general cannot be measured anymore 2.
As already mentioned above, since hundreds of years, libraries have expertise to handle big amounts of data, especially in printed format. In this respect, libraries know what do, how to structure the metadata, how to catalog the books and how to keep accessible big collections. The molecula anti age in the electronic world is quite different, much more complex, much more technology-driven and the handling of data in the digital world is first of all a mass problem.
This is a new approach and all academic institutions, all academic libraries have to develop a strategy, how to deal with this problem. In their e-sience Data Curation Report Lord and Mcdonald defined seven expecially relevant reasons to keep data on a long-term scale: possible re-use of old data for new scientific problems retention and preservation of unique observational data, which cannot be recreated retention and preservation of those data, whose maintaining is cheaper than its regenerating enhancing already existing data, which are available for research activities for compliance with legal requirements for the validation of already published research results for the use in teaching These points show very clearly that keeping research data on a long-term basis, has a lot advantages for academic institutions.
At the end stood the decision to promote this idea in the different organizational bodies of the university and after a positive feedback, the application of a defined project, the Project Digital Data Preservation was presented to the university s board. Who is responsible and who accepts this responsibility? Which external service providers are employed?
What are the specific needs of researchers? After finishing phase 3 there will be a report about the experiences, the acceptance within the sciences and also about the necessary resources for the attention of the university s board. Our impression after the first two phases is, that ETH Zurich will decide to run a permanent, centralized service for the preservation of relevant research data.
Arta Si Arheologia
Conclusion Although the digital age is well under way, till today at most universities one crucial detail remains to be worked out. Only at a few places are existing written and accepted strategies, how to structure, collect, index and store vast amounts of digital information in a way that allows future generations of scientists to recover and to use it.
The scientists as data creators have to define, which data in which profoundness must be selected, the librarians are responsible for structuring and indexing the data, the IT people have to tell us, in which way on which technical platforms the data will be stored and the university managers have to allocate the financial resources.
Hedstrom, Margaret. Digital preservation. A time bomb for Digital Libraries. Klump, Jens et al.
Data publication in the Open Access Iniciative. Lord, Philip, Mcdonald, Alison.
ZOE C. Golescu in Muliumirea ei la Go lefti i credinp ei in Dumnezeu.
Data curation for e-science in the UK: an audit to establish requirements for future curation and provision. Neuroth, Heike et al. Eine kleine Enzyklopädie der digitalen Langzeitarchivierung.
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